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Site Information

Nationalpark Schwarzwald
Schwarzwaldhochstr. 2
77889 Seebach}
07449 - 92998 0
07449 - 92998 499
info@nlp.bwl.de

Natural and cultural environment

The combination of natural and cultural landscapes in the Black Forest make it one of a kind. Livestock grazing and forest management have been carried out here for generations, characterising the region to this day. With its forests, moors, heathlands and lakes, numerous contrasts can be experienced in the Black Forest National Park: sometimes nature shows itself as sweet and gentle, while at other times it is seen as wild and untamed. The diversity of the landscape is reflected in the diversity of the fauna and flora. A large part of the National Park is a NATURA 2000 protected area.

Today, spruce, fir and beech forests dominate the scenery with spruce being the most common due to its extensive use in reforestation. Numerous storms including Hurricane Wiebke and Vivian (1990) and Lothar (1999) have set the stage for the development of well-structured forests in the future. How Mother Nature handles the consequences of a storm can be witnessed on two nature trails: the Lotharpfad and Wildnispfad.

A special feature of the National Park are the upland pastures - known locally as ‘grinden’. There are also several moors, the largest of which is located around the Hornisgrinde summit (outside the National Park). Grazing areas and moorlands account for around three percent of the National Park’s area.

Geology

Geology

From a geological point of view, the Black Forest is one of the most interesting and oldest low mountain range formations in Europe. The so-called bedrock consisting of granite and ...

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Climate

Climate

With annual average rainfall levels of up to 2700 mm (on average 2200 mm), the Black Forest National Park has one of the highest rates of precipitation in Germany outside the Alpine ...

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Forest history

Forest history

The forests of the northern Black Forest were already being used by hunter-gatherer tribes following the last ice age but with limited intensity when compared to today’s levels. ...

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Natural environment

Natural environment

The natural and cultural landscape in the Black Forest is one of a kind. Animal grazing and forestry management have been carried out here for generations, characterising the region ...

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